Space Painter demonstrates how to pan for gold. Put the sediment in a pan and fill it with water. Agitate the pan back and forth. The light sediment will rise to the top as the heavy material sinks. Tip the tray into the water trough to remove the lighter sediment. Gold panning techniques have evolved over the years although it is a very similar process. Use a motion of the ocean or a straight up and down agitation technique. The gold panning pan should have grooves. There's still a lot of gold in California but be careful that you don't jump someone's claim.